#DisabilitySelfEmployment: The problem with Job Titles & Descriptions
Both job titles and job descriptions have been around for almost a century and yet have changed very little in the past few decades. In an ever-changing global market, anything that doesn’t change, quickly loses purpose and validity.
Companies however survive largely on the framework and expectations that a job title and job description provides both the employer and employee. But even that is changing. Recently, the CEO of Zappos abolished job descriptions all together, citing its stifling effect on creativity and flexibility, forward-thinking employees need, to add value to the company.
What about Self-Employment? When trying to come up with a business concept, many make the common mistake of thinking in terms of a “job-description.” Instead let’s focus on opportunities you have to do what is most effective, which is, thinking beyond the job description. Here are some ways you can do that:
Think in terms of INTEREST, not jobs!
Many interests fall short of a clear, definable role, job title or description. Does this constitute the interest as unviable? Not at all. Take for instance a non-speaking young man with Down syndrome who kept sharing his idea of self-employment by way of Google images that repeatedly expressed his interest in sneakers and food trucks. One may disregard those interests all together assuming that they were simply expressions of what someone wants to purchase. In this case, he clearly understood his business idea. He wanted to SELL sneakers using a food truck. What job description would you assign that? None. You simply focus on the interest, connect it to an income-potential, and move forward. That is exactly what this young man and his family did, and soon thereafter, launched “Sneakin Around,” a mobile sneaker store.
The point is, job descriptions play an important role in traditional employment, but have little value, and hold little weight when exploring self-employment. Thinking in such terms are limiting, when meaningful employment requires expansive thinking. Therefore, think interest, and that will lead you to a multitude of options for meaningful employment.
Think of what skills can be learned, instead of what skills exist
Job descriptions clearly communicate what an employee must already possess in order to properly fill the role in question. This way of thinking for self-employment will have you focus on what the person lacks, instead of the potential for growth. Take for example a young man who is interested in Legos. His interest, with the help of his business support team, was converted into a business. At first, all he did was create Lego art. Then moved onto more complex Lego designs, and then landed a contract with the Lego Company to assemble Lego pieces for display at Lego stores. That simple interest allowed him to learn data entry (they used an excel sheet, designed by him to keep track of each Lego piece). They began selling that Lego Mining service to other institutions who wanted to keep track of their Lego inventory. He slowly began learning sales, and learned financial literacy and scheduling, all by way of the business.
Self-Employment starts with an interest, capitalizes on that interest and uses the business to foster countless other skills based on that interest motivation. Hence, don’t let a “perceived” lack of skills lead you to assume that no skills exist at all. Focus on interest & potential. Then put both into action and let experience be the true teacher and developer of skills. No one can deny that learning by doing, is the best way to learn and develop skills.
Think of flexibility
It is no secret that job titles and descriptions are limiting, box-like approaches to employment performance. Employees are expected to do one or maybe two things but are also reminded not to over-step their description by assuming roles, decisions and/or adding ideas where they are not wanted.
No such approach will work for self-employment. On the contrary, ideas are welcome from anyone at any time. The individual with disabilities should not be expected to carry out one specific task until the end of time. This is not only limiting as it pertains to flexibility, it is most limiting in terms to skill-acquisition and growth.
Take for example the aforementioned business, Sneakin’ Around. When the young man is interested in doing something different, the options are available. One day he may not feel like delivering the sneakers to his clients, but as a replacement task, he can be expected to partake in the invoicing, or photography of the sneakers. This business not only offers flexibility in regards to time, but more importantly, in regards to tasks, that always lead to skill-acquisition.
Think of “stretching” opportunities
Job descriptions, as valuable as they may be for organizational structure and resource allocation, stunt many “stretching” opportunities. What do we mean? Well, let’s say that you are in the sales department. How often would you be invited to a marketing meeting? Most likely not often, if at all. Thus, as an employee, you cannot offer your great marketing ideas, nor can the business benefit from them.
When exploring self-employment, you need to seek out ways to stretch the individual into all aspects of the business. This aspect of “Stretching” is a wonderful concept founded by Dr. Temple Grandin. How do you stretch someone via self-employment? Start off asking the individual to simply partake in the activity that they enjoy the most. But with time, use the flexibility of the business to stretch the person into other activities, less related to their direct interest. Does this mean they must sustain that activity? No. The key here is exposure. Exposing the individual to other aspects of the business will provide windows for stretching and growth.
Job titles and descriptions no doubt have their place in the corporate world but, not for #JobCreators. In order for all of us to help in the creation of simple, sustainable and meaningful work for someone with developmental or intellectual disabilities, we must focus on their #UniqueAbilities and their interest and use that as the basis to #ThinkDifferently about employment!
By Picasso Einstein LLC, a self-employment education and consulting firm for individuals with developmental disabilities.